Paddle Sports

ACA Certifications
Concept 2 Indoor Row Ergs
Power Speed Endurance
XPT Life

American Canoe Association
Heroes on the Water
International Surfing Association
Operation Surf
Professional Stand Up Paddle Association
Special Olympics
Team River Runner
US Rafting Association
US Rowing
USA Surfing
World Paddle Association


Atkinson, T. (2010). Adaptive kayaking for persons with physical disabilities. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 9(2), 7–12.

Caddick, N., Smith, B., & Phoenix, C. (2015). The Effects of Surfing and the Natural Environment on the Well-Being of Combat Veterans. Qualitative Health Research, 25(1), 76–86.

Dustin, D., Bricker, N., Arave, J., Dustin, D. L., Arave, J., Wall, W., & Wendt, G. (2011). The Promise of River Running as a Therapeutic Medium for Veterans Coping with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

Hartman, K., & Porter, H. (2017). White water kayaking, positive affect, and perceived self-awareness: A case study of a veteran of the Vietnam era. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 13(4), 41.

Scherer, M. R., Gade, D. M., & Yancosek, K. E. (2014). Efficacy of an adaptive kayaking intervention for improving health-related quality of life among wounded, ill, and injured service members. American Journal of RecreationTherapy, 12(3), 8–16.